Carrot Planting Tips


  • Plant in loose fertile soil rich with organic matter.  

  • Make sure the soil is free of rock and trash in order to fully develop quality crop

  • Thin carrots to prevent overcrowding

  • After Seeding the bed keep the soil moist

  • Carrots grow best in cool temperatures daytime temperatures 75- 55-night temps. An all-purpose fertilizer such as 10-10-10 is effective.  Apply before planting, once seedlings emerge and when tops are 6-8” tall

  • Carrots grow best in cool temperatures daytime temperatures 75- 55-night temps.

  • Ideal ph 5.5-7.0

Plant near- English Pea, Lettuce, Rosemary, Onion Family, Sage, Tomato, beans, onions, chives, leeks

Avoid-Dill, parsnip, and radish

Carrots are a member of the Umbelliferae family.  Native to Europe and southwest Asia. Cool season or spring season nutritious root crop that is easy to grow.  CArrots come in a variety of colors and sizes. REsearch varieties and see which one perform well in your area.  Long-rooted carrots grow well in loose, sandy soil while small root carrots usually are produced in heavy and rocky soils.

Carrots are root crops and therefore need soil that is loose, fertile and rich with organic matter.  Sandy loam soils are preferred. Soil preparation is one of the keys for a good yield. Before planting work compost to a depth of 6-8” and remove any rocks or clumps in the dirt.  If the carrots encounter rocks while growing the root will be damaged or misshapen.

Carrot seeds are tiny and sometimes hard to spread evenly.  Try putting seeds in an old salt shaker to distribute or by hand.  If this does not work well for you, look into pelleted carrot seeds or seed tape.  This will make planting and achieving the desired spacing of 2” much more possible to achieve.  Due to the size of carrot seeds, this makes planting depth more critical. Plant to deep could allow a hard crust to form on top of the dirt, which leads to poor germination results.  Plant carrots in rows 12" apart with 2-3" spacing between the roots.

Initially, carrots seedlings are slow to grow taking 14-21 days to germinate and produce seedlings.  This is one reason why weeding is crucial during the initial growth. Any weeds can rob nutrients and shade out the seedlings, diminishing your chances for an excellent yield.

In dry climates consider mulching your carrots.  Doing so can help prevent the shoulder from greening, conserve moisture, deter weed growth and keep the soil temperatures down.  In a wet environment, mulching can bring pests such as slugs which can damage plants.

For even germination keep the seedbed moist until carrots have started to grown.  Once growing, carrots should be watered deeply to help keep the soil moist. Wet growing conditions help the plant to reach the ideal size and help with the coloration of the roots.  Improper watering leads to inconsistent results.

Depending on the variety, carrots can take 70-90 days to reach maturity.  Harvest carrots at any time when they have reached the ideal size. Longer carrots may need to be dug out as opposed to pulling.  If carrots were planted in the fall, they could be covered with a layer of much and stored in the ground until ready. Careful in wet climates this can lead to the roots rotting.   

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