Fig trees are one of my favorite fruit trees to grow. They are relatively easy to grow because even with minimal care, fertilizer, and attention these trees are still capable of producing. Just dig a hole, place the tree in there, and boom you will be harvesting figs in no time.
Another perk of this tree is the ease with which you can propagate or clone. With a few supplies, the propagation of fig trees from hardwood cuttings is easy. I usually wait until I am trimming the tree for the winter. I like to collect these terminal branch cuttings. Terminal cuttings are a stem or branch that contain the top end bud of the plant. Think about the branch where the leaves form.
After a hard winter pruning keep these terminal cuttings. These are what will propagate into new trees. You are looking for branches around eight inches long. The ideal time to start this process is between the end of December to the end of January. I prefer to collect the cuttings in early January. This time is perfect because the tree is in its dormant stage.
After collecting the branches dip the basal end in a rooting hormone. The basal end is the end or base cut from the tree. Placing this end in rooting hormone will increase the success rate and uniformity of roots formed. After applying the rooting hormone, set these branches in a 1- or 2-gallon pot filled with sterile potting soil, or seed starting mix. Place the containers in a sheltered area. The cuttings should begin to produce roots during the remainder of the winter and start to leaf out in the spring. Keep the newly rooted trees in the pot for a year allowing them to grow a healthy root system before placing them in the ground or moving to a bigger container.
Figs are capable of bearing fruit at an early age, precocious. So, do not be surprised if you see the cuttings attempting to fruit toward the end of their first season: years two and three you can expect to receive a small crop. By years four or five you will see a full crop if the plants are adequately cared for, receiving full sun, fertile soil, and ample fertilizer and water.